African Summit Outcomes
The 15th Africa Union (AU) Summit, held in Kampala, Uganda, drew to a close on July 27 with its biggest commitment yet to maternal health. Talks had to be extended after as many as 30 heads of state shared the challenges of providing adequate child and maternal health service. At the closing, leaders agreed to adopt the Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa (CARMMA) as well as widening the focus on the health of newborns as well as mothers.
In addition to CARMMA, leaders renewed the 2001 Abuja Declaration which commits African countries to spend at least 15% of their national budgets on health (excluding donor contributions). It is currently only achieved by Botswana, Rwanda, Niger, Malawi, Zambia and Burkina. It was also agreed that the AU Commission explore ways in which funds pledged at the recent G8 summit could be accessed and that countries must produce annual reports on maternal and child health for future meetings.